The Gospel of John: The work of the Spirit (John 16: 4b-15

January 25th, 2016

The Gospel of John: The Work of the Spirit

John 16:4b-15

The Need to Leave (v. 4b-7)

      Jesus’ comforting statements concerning persecution in 15:17-16:4b were not previously needed because of His presence with the disciples

      But now Jesus is preparing them for His imminent departure

     Over which they are grieved (v. 6)

      His leaving will be to his disciples advantage

     Because the Spirit will not come until after Jesus has left

     See Isa. 11:1–10; 32:14–18; 42:1–4; 44:1–5; Ezk. 11:17–20; 36:24–27; 37:1–14; Joel 2:28–32


The Convicter (v. 8-11)

      The Spirit comes to convict the world of:

     Sin: which is based in unbelief in Jesus

     Righteousness: Exposing the inadequacy of its own actions

     Judgment: Showing God’s truth concerning all things

     In contrast to the lies of the ‘prince of this world’ (Satan)

     All of which Jesus did while on earth and the Spirit will continue in His absence


The Teacher (v. 12-15)

      The Spirit will make clear to the disciples all that Jesus has taught

      He is our ultimate teacher and revealer of Christ


So What?

      With Jesus’ death, resurrection, and ascension the kingdom of God has come

      The Holy Spirit empowers us to live out that kingdom life now

      And continues the ministry of Jesus through us

      Are we letting Him work through us?


Meditation Verse: John 16:7

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Hatred & the Helper (John 15:18-16-4a)

January 20th, 2016

The Gospel of John: Hatred & the Helper

John 15:18-16:4a

The World’s Hatred (15:18-25)

      Jesus assures His disciples that the world will treat them like they treat Jesus

     If they are truly reflecting Christ

      The implications of this may not have been obvious to them because it was before His arrest and execution

      The world = people who do not know Jesus’ Father (v. 21)

     Their rejection of Christ is what leaves them guilty


The Helper (15:26-27)

      Jesus promises His disciples that they will not be alone in this struggle

      He will send the Helper = The Holy Spirit

     Who will comes from the Father

     Who bears witness about Jesus

      Along with Jesus’ disciples


The Result of Their Witness (6:1-4a)

      Jesus’ words are meant as encouragement

     In light of the persecution that the disciples will face

      Including being cast out from among their Jewish cohorts

     And even being killed

      Service to God (ex. Saul’s persecution of the Church)



      If we are representing Christ correctly to the world

     We should expect for the world to treat us like they treated Jesus

      But, if we are to be persecuted, let it be for doing good and representing Jesus well

     Not for misrepresenting Him



So What?

      Are we representing Jesus well?

     Through the power of His Spirit


Meditation Verse: 1 Peter 3:17

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The True Vine (John 15:1-17)

January 12th, 2016

The Gospel of John: The True Vine
John 15:1-17
The True Vine (v. 1-6)
• Jesus uses an agricultural analogy to describe His relationships both with His Father and His disciples
– Another “I Am” statement
• He is the vine which His disciples must stay connected to in order to bear fruit
– To bear fruit = To live a life of obedience to God
• Only possible through a growing connection to Jesus
• Apart from Jesus, we can do nothing! (v. 5)
• His Father is the Gradener
– Pruning away the branches that are fruitless
• Those which are not drawing from the Vine
• Not a reference to losing salvation
• Possibly a reference to fruitless Israel
• Possibly a reference to false ‘disciples' like Judas
• Being near the Vine is not the same as being connected to it

Abiding in the Vine (v. 7-11)
• Abide: To live in, be intricately connected to
– To be defined by our love relationship with Jesus
• When we find our life in Christ, we can ask for what we desire
– Because He will be aligning our desires with His
– God is glorified because the fruit we bear is His fruit in us
• The end result of which is our joy as well

Greater Love (v. 12-17)
• Jesus repeats His new commandment (13:34)
• The greatest act of love is to ‘lay down one’s life for his friends’ (v. 13)
– An allusion back to Peter’s claim (13:37-38)
• Jesus calls His disciples ‘friends’
– Defined by:
• Those who obey Him (v. 14)
• Those who are involved in His mission (v. 15)
• Those who are called by Him (v. 16)
• And thus bear fruit through Him
• The primary fruit that we are to bear is love for one another (v. 17)

So What?
• Are we connected to the True Vine; drawing life from Him; being obedient to Him; bearing the fruit of love for one another?
Meditation Verse: John 15:5
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Fear & Love (John 11:45-12:11)

January 7th, 2016

The Gospel of John: Fear and Love

John 11:45-12:11

The Plot & The Prophecy (11:45-57)

• The Pharisees & Jewish leaders react to Jesus’ sign with fear

- Fear of losing their personal status

- Fear of losing their national privileged position with the Romans

• Caiaphas, the High Priest calms them by plotting to have Jesus killed

- He speaks prophetically (v. 50)

- Jesus would die for the nation of Israel (v. 50)

- And for the Gentiles too (v. 51)

• They devise a plot to have Jesus arrested and killed at the upcoming feast of Passover

- Which serves as the background for all the events of the Passion week

• At word of the plot, Jesus withdrew to Ephraim

- But not for long

The Anointing (12:1-8)

• Lazarus’ family throws Jesus a dinner

– During which Mary cleans Jesus feet with expensive lotion and her hair

• A sign of utter love for Jesus(see John 13:1ff)

• Judas is outraged because of the cost of the ointment

– Feigning concern for the poor

– But really because he was stealing from the disciples ministry fund

• Jesus rebukes Judas

– Seeing Mary’s act as both one of love and prophecy

• She has just anointed Him for His upcoming burial

– While still claiming a need to care for the poor (v. 8)

The Plot Thickens (12:9-11)

• When the crowd learns that Jesus is back in Bethany, they report it to the Jewish leaders

• They then plan to kill Lazarus too

– Since he is a living witness to Jesus’ power and authority

– And many are believing in Jesus because of him

So What?

• The leadership’s fear drove them to have Jesus & Lazarus killed

– Fear of losing power and prestige

• Mary’s love for Jesus drove her to anoint and serve Him

• What drives us? Is it fear or love?

Meditation Verse: 1 John 4:18

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