The Gospel of John: The Resurrectio

March 30th, 2016

The Gospel of John: The Resurrection

John 20:1-18

The Empty Tomb (v. 1-10)

      All 4 Gospels point out that Jesus’ resurrection was on the 1st day of the week

     An allusion to the new beginning

      Mary Magdalene comes to mourn at Jesus’ tomb

     And finish burial preparation

     And finds the stone has been moved away

      She leaves to tell Peter & John (the other disciple)

     Thinking that Jesus’ body had been stolen

      Peter & John come to the tomb

     John, the younger, outrunning Peter

      When Peter enters the tomb, he finds only the linens that Jesus’ body had been wrapped in

     The implication is that Jesus has passed through them

      John begins to understand what has happened

     And the two men return home


The First Appearance (v. 11-18)

      Mary is left alone to weep over the missing Jesus

      But when she looks into the tomb she sees two angels

     Who ask why she is crying

      Jesus appears to Mary

     Who thinks He is a gardener

      When He calls her by name, she realizes who He is

     Calling Him teacher

     And embracing Him

      He sends her to the other disciples to share what has happened


So What?

      John portrays Jesus’ death as a willful act of love

      His resurrection is a willful act of life

     A new life for all who trust Him

      Do you believe that HE LIVES?!

     If we do, we can have this new life too!

     And, like Mary, share it with the world!


Meditation Verse: John 20:18

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The Gospel of John: The Crucifixion

March 21st, 2016

The Gospel of John: The Crucifixion

John 19:16b-42

The Crucifixion (v. 16b-27)

      The soldiers prepare Jesus for execution

     This included a severe beating (verberatio)

     And make Him, on the edge of death, carry His own cross beam over 1/3 of a mile

      Jesus is crucified with two others

     Lēstai: Insurrectionists (Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27)

      Like Barabbas (John 18:40)

      Pilate orders a sign to be placed over His head, telling of His crime

     Common practice to act as a warning against such behavior

     Against which the Jewish leadership takes umbrage

      The soldiers divide Jesus’ clothes amongst them

     There were 4 soldiers (Acts 12:4) and 5 garments (robe, tunic, belt, sandals, head covering)

     Because the tunic was of high quality, rather than tear it, they gamble for it

      Fulfilling Ps. 22:18

      The only associates of Jesus’ reported as present are His mother, aunt, Mary Magdalene, and the beloved disciple

     Probably John himself

      Who is charged with taking care of Jesus’ mother


Jesus’ Death (v. 28-30)

      Jesus’ death was necessary to accomplish His Father’s will

     Redeeming God’s people from their sins

      Once that was accomplished Jesus fulfills one last Scripture by asking for a drink

     Which is met with vinegar rather than water (Ps. 69:21)

      Jesus then declares His work finished

     And dies of His own choosing


The Final Blow (v. 31-37)

      The 2 brigands have their legs broken

     To ensure that corpses would not be on public display for the Passover

      But when Jesus is found dead

     The soldier pierces His side into His heart & lungs to ensure He is really dead

      Blood & water: May be a ‘sign’ of the life and cleansing that flow from Jesus’ death

      John states that he is a trustworthy witness to these events

     As is Scriptures itself

      Ex. 12:46: Referring to Jesus as the Passover lamb

      Zech. 12:10: Where God is pierced because of His people’s rebellion




Jesus’ Burial (v. 38-42)

      Joseph of Arimathea & Nicodemus get permission to take Jesus’ body

     Normally a seditionist would not be allowed to be buried, but left to be eaten by birds

      And they buried Him in a nearby new tomb


So What?

      Jesus died a horrific, painful death, as the King who was still in control to the very end

      And He did it for us!

      Do you trust in His death on your behalf?


Meditation Verse: John 19:30

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The Gospel of John: The Sentence

March 14th, 2016

The Gospel of John: The Sentence

John 19:1-16a

The Coronation (v. 1-8)

      Pilate has Jesus flogged

     He is trying to appease the crowds so that he can release Jesus

      The soldiers provide a mock coronation of Jesus to make fun of Him

     With a crown make of date thorns

     And a royal robe of purple

     As they bow down to Him

      They strike Him

      And hail Him “King of the Jews”

      Acting better than they know

      After He has been beaten, Pilate tries to release Jesus

     Again declaring Him innocent

      But the crowd wants Him dead

     And demands that He be crucified

     Because Jesus has claimed to be the Son of God

      Which makes Pilate afraid


True Authority (v. 9-11)

      Pilate brings Jesus back inside and questions Him again

     He is afraid that the claim about Jesus being "a son of the gods" might be true

      He asks Jesus where He came from

     Which is met with silence

      He then asserts that he alone has the authority to save Jesus

     But Jesus doesn’t need to be saved

      He has come to do the saving

      Jesus corrects Pilate, claiming that He is only there because God has orchestrated it

     Therefore Jesus is still in control of the situation


The Road is Set (v. 12-16a)

      Pilate is set on releasing Jesus

      But he is met with threats from the crowd

     Questioning his loyalty to the Emperor

      Because as Messiah, Jesus is making a kingly claim

      He capitulates to the crowd

     And passing judgment from the bema, the judgment seat (see John 5:22)

      John reminds us that all this takes place in the setting of the Passover

     An allusion to Jesus being the true Passover Lamb

     The 6th hour by Jewish reckoning = noon

      Roman legal time = 6 am

      Pilate presents Jesus back to the crowd as He is being sentenced: The King of the Jews

      But they speak a greater truth than they know: “We have no king but Caesar”

     They deny Jesus’ kingship

      And therefore are denying God as their king


So What?

      Jesus was sentenced to die as the King!

     A true claim

      The King died His subjects could live

     Is He your King?


Meditation Verse: Philippians 2:8

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The Gospel of John: The Trial

March 7th, 2016

The Gospel of John: The Trial

John 18:28-40

Questioning the Prosecution (v. 28–32)

      Annas & Caiaphas send Jesus to the Roman ruler, Pilate

     Roman prefect under Emperor Tiberius from AD 26 to 37

     Known for his moral weakness, vacillation, stubbornness, and brutality (cf. Luke 13:1)

      They refuse to enter his home so that they can stay ceremonial clean

     And partake in the impending Passover

      Pilate comes out to the crowd and questions them

     They need Pilate’s permission to execute Jesus

     Because they are not allowed to put anyone to death under Roman law

      Which also fulfilled Jesus’ words about being crucified, the Roman form of execution (12:32-33)

      Rather than being stoned, the Jewish one


The Defense Questioned (v. 33–38a)

      Pilate brings Jesus inside for a private questioning

      He asks if Jesus is claiming to be the Jewish King: the Messiah

     This claim would make Jesus a threat to Caesar, the Roman Emperor

      Jesus asks Pilate a clarifying question (v. 34)

     Which is met with indignation

      Jesus clarifies that He is no threat to Rome

     By defining His kingdom as ‘not of this world’

      Jesus’ Kingdom

     Spiritual in nature

      And therefore greater than any human kingdom

      And yet, not a threat to them either

     Is not built or established by human means

      When Pilate asks Jesus to verify His kingly claim

     He does so; but clarifies that He is the king of those who live in the truth

      Pilates’ rhetorical question is telling:

     He does not known truth, though the Truth is standing before him


The First Trial (v. 19-24)

      When the high priest questions Jesus, it is at night

     Thus considered illegal

      Unlike Jesus who does His work in the open (v. 20)

      Perhaps one reason why Jesus does not testify about Himself is to shed light on the injustice

     He calls on the high priest to produce witnesses

      Which was required by the Law (Num 35:30; Deut. 17:6; 19:15)

      Jesus also points out the soldier’s response is illegal

     Not based on wrongs committed or witnesses

      Thus, those who claim to obey the Law:

     Fail to keep it

     Fail to understand that the Law points to Jesus the Messiah


The Verdict (v. 38b-40)

      Pilate announces to the crowds that he finds ‘no guilt in [Jesus]’

     Speaking greater than he knows

      He invokes a Roman custom to release a prisoner at the Passover

     Asking if they want their King back

      The crowd calls for the insurrectionist, Barabbas (cf. Mark 15:7)

     Irony: Barabbas may have actually posed a threat to Roman rule and is released

      While Jesus poses no real threat is executed


So What?

      Jesus is building a kingdom that is greater than any this world has ever known

      Are you a part of that kingdom?

      Have you listened to the Truth and believed Him?


Meditation Verse: John 18:37

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